A Review of the Legal System of Brazil

Brazil is a civil law controlled country and its system traces origin to Roman law as implemented during the colonial period by the Portuguese. Such a system is structured in the form of codes and legislation that is enacted by the federal government and legislatures from the states and municipalities.
Brazil applies the federal system of governance and the system was created by the indissoluble union encompassing states, municipalities and the Federal District. Therefore, the government is made up by the legislative, judicial and executive branches.

Levels of the Brazilian court system
The highest court in the land is the Federal Supreme Court, which is tasked with safeguarding the country’s constitution and conducting reviews to the laws therein. The court can apply original jurisdiction in which case it decides actions of unconstitutionality of state or federal regulations. Although Brazil does not apply the principle of stare decisis, the 2004 amendment to the constitution made it possible to apply the same only in special situations where decisions are binding.

Federal justice
The federal justice system is made up of regional tribunals which apply original jurisdiction when hearing cases brought up against federal judges, criminal reviews and actions of annulment, writs of mandamus, conflicts of jurisdiction and habeas corpus. The federal justice is made up of seven judges that are chosen by the president and must be aged above 35 years and below 65 years.

Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho
Having created a strong profile as the most prominent lawyer and a leader in the market, Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has gone further and engaged his wit in supporting the business world to get a clearer picture of the legal system and how it affects their industry. He has authored journals touching on banking, business and entrepreneurship and the legal implications that come with certain actions.

He also regularly reviews the legal system apart from emerging as a highly qualified lawyer willing to stand in for clients facing demanding cases. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has perfected his skills in international electoral laws and has taken part in many Acquisition Reviews and business restructuring workshops. He also deals with bankruptcy and credit recovery cases.

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